What are the symptoms of a herniated disc

In this series, I will describe several common causes of low back pain in my clinic, starting with the most common herniated disc.

What are the symptoms of a herniated disc?

The most common symptom of a herniated intervertebral disc is a feeling of weakness in the waist (and it will feel like a piece of pain, unable to point out a specific point), and sometimes it will spread all the way to the back of the thigh and calf. In severe cases, it will be accompanied by numbness and weakness in the feet; eventually there will be urinary incontinence and muscle atrophy in the lower extremities. Usually symptoms are concentrated on one side, but severe disc herniation can have symptoms on both sides at the same time.

The most common symptom of a herniated disc

is that sitting for a long time is the most uncomfortable. Standing for a long time will Kazakhstan Phone Number also be slightly sore, but walking and lying down are fine. Most patients avoid bending over,as putting on shoes, picking up objects on the ground, etc. Coughing and sneezing can also increase intra-abdominal pressure and cause low back pain. In addition, the most obvious symptoms when getting up in the morning are the typical symptoms of intervertebral disc herniation, because the intervertebral disc will absorb water and become full when lying down, causing the area of ​​compressed nerves to become larger and causing discomfort.

Why does a herniated disc cause pain?

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The intervertebral disc is like a cushion in the middle of the lumbar vertebrae. Its inner layer is soft like toothpaste, and the outer layer is like a hard shell, fixing the inner structure. Behind the discs are the spinal nerves. So if the disc herniates backwards, it can compress the spinal nerves, causing pain in the lower back, or moving to the legs.

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